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Hemp Oil Basics

What is hemp?

Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa L plant and refers to the non-intoxicating (less than 0.3% THC) strains. Hemp and marijuana come from the same cannabis species but have different genetics and cannabinoid profiles, with hemp rich in the non-euphoric cannabidiol or CBD and marijuana producing mostly psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol or THC.

What is hemp oil?

Hemp oil can refer to CBD rich full spectrum oil extracted from phytocannabinoid rich flowers, leaves and stems of the Cannabis sativa plant or to hempseed oil. Unlike full spectrum hemp oil, hempseed oil does not contain CBD or other cannabinoids and is obtained by cold pressing hemp seeds.

What is hemp flower?

Hemp flower is the CBD and terpene rich bud of the Cannabis sativa plant. Full of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, hemp flowers are highly regarded for their potential therapeutic benefits and can be smoked or turned into extracts like full spectrum CBD oils.

Does hemp oil contain CBD?

Hemp oil extracted from the stalks, leaves, and flowers of the hemp plant will contain CBD and is typically referred to as full spectrum hemp oil or cannabidiol oil. Hemp seed oil made from the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant does not contain CBD or other cannabinoids.

Do hemp seeds contain CBD?

Hemp seeds do not contain meaningful amounts of CBD. Although they are produced by the Cannabis Sativa plant, the rest of which does produce various cannabinoids, hemp seeds have only trace amounts of them and not enough to exert medicinal properties.
CBD Basics

What does CBD stand for?

CBD is short for cannabidiol, the main bioactive compound found in hemp and one of more than 150 phytocannabinoids produced by Cannabis sativa L.

What is CBD?

CBD or cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid produced by the Cannabis sativa L plant. This means that unlike the endocannabinoids synthesized inside of our body, CBD is found in hemp. Regarded for its various benefits, CBD interacts with our body’s endocannabinoid system. Research suggests that the major pathway for CBD’s actions is the inhibition of the breakdown of the endocannabinoid anandamide, just one of many endocannabinoids produced by our bodies and potentially impacted by CBD use.

What is CBD oil made from?

CBD oil is made from hemp plants. Typically, the flowers of Cannabis sativa strains rich in CBD and low in THC are processed to extract cannabinoids and terpenes, diluted with a carrier oil like coconut and turned into CBD oil products.

Does CBD oil have THC?

CBD oil made from full spectrum hemp extracts typically has very small amounts of THC (less than 0.3%). This amount of THC is not enough to have intoxicating effects or make you feel high. CBD oil made with a CBD isolate will not contain any THC. We recommend checking a product’s lab analysis for exact THC potency.
CBD Side Effects

Does CBD get you high?

CBD will not make you feel high or intoxicated. Although it is extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant, cannabidiol doesn’t have the same psychoactive properties as tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, the main active phytocannabinoid in marijuana. Despite this, studies have shown that CBD can help you feel less anxious, more relaxed, and even act as a stimulant in low doses.

Can CBD cause anxiety?

CBD is generally known for its functional support in decreasing anxiety and even helping to offset the anxiety often caused by THC when taken concurrently. However, because CBD is biphasic, meaning it’s a stimulant in low doses and a sedative in higher doses. It’s possible, though unlikely, that CBD’s stimulant effects could cause some users to experience feelings of anxiety with low doses.

What drugs should not be taken with CBD?

Although studies of CBD generally reflect a low risk of clinically significant drug interactions, drugs that are metabolized by the cytochrome P450 or CYP450 family of liver enzymes could be impacted by concurrent use of CBD. These drugs include Warfarin, Theophylline, Clobazam, Valproate, Alcohol. As a potent inhibitor of the enzyme CYP3A4, CBD may result in increased levels of drugs which require this enzyme to be metabolized. Ned is not offering medical guidance and we suggest speaking with your healthcare provider before taking full spectrum hemp oil.

Does CBD make you hungry?

Studies have shown CBD to increase appetite but experts agree that CBD does not typically result in the munchies people often experience with THC. Research suggests that CBD increases metabolism, which may lead to a boost in appetite. However, as with most of CBD’s varied effects, any changes in feelings of hunger will likely be subtle.

Does CBD make you tired?

Research shows that higher doses of CBD can act as a sedative, promote feelings of calm, and help users fall and stay asleep. However, because CBD is biphasic, it has different effects in low doses which have been shown to have stimulative effects and cause alertness in average doses of approximately 15mg.
CBD Uses

What does CBD do?

CBD or cannabidiol is being studied for its varied health benefits. Because CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system mainly by inhibiting breakdown of anandamide, it’s therapeutic potential extends to many biological processes within our bodies. Research suggests that CBD may be useful for anxiety, pain, sleep, epilepsy, hormonal balance, inflammation, neurological disorders, bacteria and much more.

Does CBD help with anxiety?

Research has shown that CBD may help alleviate anxiety. Evidence from both animal and human studies shows that cannabidiol may exert a broad range of anxiolytic effects on the body by interacting with several receptors known to regulate fear and anxiety-related behaviors. Neuroimaging research shows that CBD may significantly decrease subjective anxiety and increase mental sedation by changing activity of brain regions that normal mediate anxiety.

Can CBD help acid reflux?

CBD’s effects on the endocannabinoid system may be useful in treating acid reflux and alleviating common symptoms such as nausea and pain. Because research on the topic has been limited, these conclusions are mostly based on theory and anecdotal evidence. One 2004 animal study we reviewed posed that cannabinoids play a role in inhibiting the secretion of gastric acid.

Does CBD help with depression?

Various animal studies have found CBD may exhibit antidepressant-like effects. One mouse study found that cannabidiol may induce dose-dependent antidepressant-like effects both 30 minutes after a single administration and 7 days following treatment. Dr. Dani Gordon, MD, who treats many depression patients in her cannabis medicine practice, reports that her patients report reductions in depression symptomatology including reductions in stress and anxiety, and increases in motivation, engagement and social behaviors. However, although much research has been dedicated to CBD as a mood balancing agent, we have not found any peer-reviewed journal studies of CBD’s antidepressant effects in humans.

Does CBD help you sleep?

CBD has been found to exhibit sedative effects in medium to high doses and studies have established a clear link between CBD and sleep. Although relatively few clinical trials exist, research suggests that CBD may be a useful sleep aid capable of alleviating insomnia and promoting more restful sleep with few to no negative side effects.

Does CBD oil work for pain?

Research has found that CBD may help alleviate both inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Studies also show that CBD taken in conjunction with opioids is more effective than opioids alone, suggesting its use may help patients reduce opioid dosage. Research suggests that CBD works for pain by inhibiting the breakdown of the endocannabinoid anandamide, which plays a role in pain regulation and whose increased levels in the bloodstream appear to have analgesic or pain reducing effects.

Does CBD help with nausea?

Studies have shown that CBD may help alleviate both nausea and vomiting with limited or no side effects. Research suggests that CBD helps with nausea by reducing the release of nausea-inducing 5-HT. 5-HT receptor antagonists are a class of medicines used for the prevention and treatment of nausea and vomiting.
Taking CBD

How much CBD oil should I take?

CBD is biphasic, meaning that in low doses of around 15mg it tends to act as a stimulant, exerting effects such as increased mental alertness and focus. In higher doses, CBD has sedative effects, giving it the potential to help alleviate stress, anxiety, and sleeping problems. Dosing is highly dependent on each individual and if you are new to CBD we recommend starting with a low dose like 10mg once a day and working your way up as needed. Some effects may be acute while others can take up to 30 days.

Can you overdose on CBD?

CBD is non-toxic and no fatal overdoses have ever been reported. According to one 2011 study, doses of up to 1,500 mg of CBD per day are well tolerated in humans.